JavaScript hasclass using classList

— 5 minute read

If you're looking for JavaScript has class or JavaScript hasclass then there's a high probability that you used to work with jQuery in the past.

It's great news that you don't need a library anymore to check if an element has a class or not, because you can now simply do it with a call to classList.contains("class-name")

Here's an example. Say you've got the following HTML:

<div id="box1" class="active"></div>
<div id="box2"></div>

Then you can check if these boxes have the class active using the following JavaScript:

const box1 = document.querySelector('#box1');
const box2 = document.querySelector('#box2');

box1.classList.contains('active'); //true
box2.classList.contains('active'); //false

Function signature permalink

The function signature is:

classList.contains(className)

Note that you should only give the className rather than a selector with a "." because classList is only expecting a class.

What is classList? permalink

Any DOM element will have a classList object which contains a collection of methods that let you manage the classes, such as adding/removing.

Here are some of the most common use cases you can do with classList:

The examples below assume the following HTML:

<div id="my-element"></div>

which then we select using querySelector:

const element = document.querySelector("#my-element");

Make sure to update the selector based on your HTML code.

Add one or more classes permalink

You can add a class to an element with classList.add:

element.classList.add("some-class");

Also more than 1 class is possible, by passing every class you want to add as an extra argument:

element.classList.add("some-class", "another-class");

After running this line, the element would look like:

<div id="my-element" class="some-class another-class"></div>

Check out:

Remove one or more classes permalink

You can also remove one more more classes.
Let's start by removing the class active:

element.classList.remove("active");

Similarly to classList.add, you can also remove multiple classes at the same time by passing the class names as different arguments:

element.classList.remove("first-class", "another-class");

Check out how to remove a class from an element

Toggle classes permalink

Toggling classes is especially useful when you have a click event handler and what to add a class the first time, then remove it the next it's clicked (and so on).

element.classList.toggle("some-class", "another-class");

Here's an example of how you can toggle an element to become active:

element.addEventListener("click", event => {
event.currentTarget.classList.toggle("active");
});

This will end up adding the class active the first time you click on element, and then remove it the next time you click on it.

Check out how to toggle the class of an element

Replace class permalink

This is a useful "shortcut" as it allows you to replace 2 lines by 1.

You can replace the following 2 lines:

element.classList.remove("old-one");
element.classList.add("new-one");

By just one clean line:

element.classList.replace("old-one", "new-one");

Check out how to replace the class of an element


Do you want to Learn JavaScript step by step?
Checkout my interactive course where you read short lessons, solve challenges in the browser and recap topics with Flashcards:
Learn JavaScript