JavaScript in array

— 2 minute read

As of ES6 (ES2015), there's a new and easy way to check of an item exists in an array, also known as in array.

This is now possible by using the Array.includes() method which returns a boolean.

Here's a basic example:

const names = ["Alex", "Sam", "Blane"];

names.includes("Alex"); //true
names.includes("Red"); //false

Notice how we call .includes on the array names and how it returns either true or false.

Use cases permalink

This is useful to check if an item exists in an array, however a more important use case is refactoring some if conditions. For example, assuming we want to check a variable status, instead of writing this long if condition:

if (status === "en_route" || status === "pending" || status === "on_hold"){
// do something
}

You can refactor it to a much more readable condition using the javascript in array method you learned above:

const statuses = ["en_route", "pending", "on_hold"];

if (statuses.includes(status)){
// do something
}

Notice how we define the allowed statuses in an array, and then call statuses.includes(status), which will return either true or false.


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